The Next Generation Hybrid Electric Vehicle:

Using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC's) as a range-extender for battery electric vehicles, 
effortlessly retaining liquid CO2 for sequestration/recycling.

​Rather than "fast charging", a small SOFC produces electricity to sustain a minimum battery charge. 

The SOFC is 
fueled by (m)ethanol from a gas station.

peer reviewed research, the methanol is projected to cost ~$2.00/gge, or half the DOE's ultimate goal of $4.00/gge for hydrogen.

​​​​​Solid Ox Motors

Eventually, this technology can be owned at a low cost by any individual and no major infrastructure upgrades needed

2)  While refueling gas station,  (m)ethanol truck collects CO2

3)  While truck refuels,

CO2 dispensed for sequestration

Upstream CO2 Sequestration Method:

1)  While vehicle refuels, CO2 dispensed to gas station’s tank​

 --> Closed Loop CO2 System <--

​​​​When fossil reforming is no longer most economic, the CO2 will be recirculated rather than sequestered.  Methanol will be made from renewable/nuclear energy utilizing CO2 hydrogenation/electrolysis.




  1. Waste heat reforms (m)ethanol to syngas
  2. Syngas (H2+CO) fuels SOFC, creates electricity to charge battery, heat for (1)
  3. SOFC filters O2 from atm., creating CO2+H2O(Important: CO2 is not diluted with N2)
  4. Water condenses, leaving pure CO2 gas
  5. Waste heat also drives absorption refrigeration cycle, liquifying CO2
  6. Liquid CO2 stored on empty side of fuel tank

How the SOFC system works, emissions free, step-by-step

A moderate battery is capable of providing acceleration, appreciable range.

(For example, light duty vehicles capable of 100+ miles of grid-powered range.)