​When the battery is low, the SOFC, 

fueled by (m)ethanol from a gas station,
recharges the battery.

peer reviewed research, the methanol is projected to cost ~$2.00/gge, or half the DOE's ultimate goal of $4.00/gge for hydrogen.

  1. Waste heat reforms (m)ethanol to syngas
  2. Syngas (H2+CO) fuels SOFC, creates electricity to charge battery, heat for (1)
  3. SOFC filters O2 from atm., creating CO2+H2O(Important: CO2 is not diluted with N2)
  4. Water condenses, leaving pure CO2 gas
  5. Waste heat also drives absorption refrigeration cycle, liquifying CO2
  6. Liquid CO2 stored on empty side of fuel tank

A battery dominant electric vehicle.

(Light duty vehicles will have
of 100 miles of grid-powered range.)

The Oxyfuel Hybrid Electric Vehicle:

Using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC's) as a range-extender for battery electric vehicles; providing versatility and optionality to users while maintaining a competitive cost structure 

3)  While truck refuels,

CO2 dispensed for sequestration

 --> Closed Loop CO2 System <--

How the SOFC system works, emissions free, step-by-step

1)  While vehicle refuels, CO2 dispensed to gas station’s tank​

​​​​When fossil reforming is no longer most economic, the CO2 will be recirculated rather than sequestered.  Methanol will be made from renewable/nuclear energy utilizing CO2 hydrogenation/electrolysis.

2)  While refueling gas station,  (m)ethanol truck collects CO2

Developing the next generation hybrid:

​Oxyfuel Hybrid Electric Vehicle


Electric - Emissions Free - Rapidly Refueled

Upstream CO2 Sequestration Method:

​​​​​TH2  Motors

Eventually, this technology can be owned at a low cost by any individual and no major infrastructure upgrades needed